I mean, of course, the very idea that one might defend the practice of theology blogging by recourse to a self-avowed atheist like Hitch. But perhaps DET readers are not surprised that I, in particular, might do so. After all, I posted about Hitchens previously, even defending his position (to a limited extent) in the comments thread, and I made some suggestive comments about “practical atheism” or “functional secularism” in a post on Dan Migliore and fideism.
To take up another angle: there are theologians, and there are theological belligerents. The former go about their work in a peaceful manner, the latter go about it with, let us say, a polemical horizon. Where I come from, the latter tend to be looked down upon. One hears all sorts of things about how Christians shouldn’t “fight” amongst themselves, etc. I have even heard variations on these sentiments to the effect that blogging about theology is inherently destructive because it so easily takes on a polemical tone. In response, here is Hitchens. I’ll have more to say at post’s end…
Christopher Hitchens, Letters to a Young Contrarian, 20-1.
|Christopher Hitchens, by Fri Tanke [CC BY 3.0] |
(via Wikimedia Commons)
As a species, we may by all means think ruefully about the waste and horror produced by war and other forms of rivalry and jealousy. However, this can’t alter the fact that in life we make progress by conflict and in mental life by argument and disputation. The concept of the dialectic may well have been partly discredited by its advocates, but that does not permit us to disown it. There must be confrontation and opposition, in order that sparks may be kindled. You have probably heard, from one complacent pundit or another, the view that argument produces “more heat than light.” You have certainly been instructed that the truth lies not at one pole or another but “somewhere in between.” And I think I can be sure that you have heard the old standby, to the effect that matters are not black or white, but differing shades of gray.It seems to me that Hitch’s point is twofold:
May I offer you some observations of my own in response? We know as a law of physics that heat is the chief, if not the only, source of light. Reducing the sun to room temperature would decrease light to nothing at all, as well as generating a definite chill. The truth cannot lie, but if it could, it would lie somewhere in between. On some grave questions, there is no difference to be split; one does not look for a synthesis between verity and falsehood; the sun does not rise in the east one day and in the west the next. As for the chiaroscuro, or the light and shade, the platitude is at least a little more artistic. (Watching a Civil War reenactment at Gettysburg a few years ago, I wrote in my notebook that those who wore the Gray had been conditioned to think in terms of black and white.) Neither black nor white are true colors, but then neither is gray.
Tautology lurks, and waits to enclose you. The Greek oracle proclaimed “Nothing Too Much” as the supreme wisdom; the lazy modern translation is “Moderation in All Things,” which is not quite the same. One admires the Greek style for its quiet emphasis on symmetry and balance, but then what if the balance is tipped and the time disjointed? Of what use is the “moderate” then? The Gray uniforms at Gettysburg might not have been deployed, or not have been defeated, if it were not for fanatics and absolutists like John Brown, who regarded compromise as disgrace. No doubt you can think of your own examples.
If you care about the points of agreement and civility, then, you had better be well-equipped with points of argument and combativity, because if you are not then the “center” will be occupied and defined without your having helped to decide it, or determine what and where it is.
- Intellectual disagreement, debate, struggle, contest, etc., is vital for the development of ideas. I take this to be rather uncontroversial. One need only look at the development of trinitarian and christological doctrine in the early Christian centuries to see that this is fundamentally true (and, consequently, that it can be a good thing). Theological blogging and belligerence is, therefore, helpful for developing theological vision.
- Intellectual disagreement, debate, struggle, contest, etc., is vital for the shaping of contemporary theological (and ecclesiastical) culture. Such culture is influenced not primarily by the spectrum of conceivably possible theological positions, but by the spectrum of positions actually offered to it. To take an analogy from politics…
Even as recently as ~75 years ago, democratic socialism was a live option in the United States. Today, discussing such things positively is an act of almost certain political suicide for a candidate. Why? Because the nation’s political conversation was dominated by other views. As a consequence, the spectrum of “liberal” to “conservative” in this country is skewed: even the so-called liberals are rather conservative when compared to other possibilities. Does one attempt to counter the incredibly damaging effects of such a situation by going about one’s life peacefully and never making noise to challenge the status quo, or is being belligerent and making a nuisance of oneself perhaps more conducive to bringing the issue to broader consciousness?
The same principle obtains in theological spheres.
Hitchens gets at this well in another quotation from elsewhere in the same text: “Remember that saying nothing is also a decision, and that the relativists and the “nonjudgmental” have made up their minds just as much, if not as firmly” (83).
- It must be intellectual only. Sure, it’s kind of funny to think back to St Nicholas slapping Arius at the Council of Nicaea, but I expect most people would agree with me in saying that physical altercation over a theological point is not proper.
- It cannot be total war. This builds on the previous. One should not attempt to undermine the livelihood, relationships, and other such aspects of your opponent’s life. The goal is not to destroy one’s opponent, but to improve the intellectual and cultural situation in view.
- It must be Christian. This is the positive point that undergirds the two previous negative points. Theological belligerents ought not forget that their opponents are those for whom Jesus Christ was crucified, died, was buried, and rose again on the third day. As such, their basic human dignity must be upheld at all costs, even while vigorously contesting their position.